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Linear-A LA045 1/72 The Army of Pyrrhus of Epirus Inf Allies / Mercs Set 2 3rd Cent BC

Product Code: LA045

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King Pyrrhos was the first Greek to go into “direct confrontation with the Romans. Two embassies from the Tarentines - the second together with the Samnites and Lucanians - reached Pyrrhos in 281 BC. Chr. Pyrrhos did not want to appear less energetic than Alexander the Great, who conquered the East in campaigns just as far from his homeland. One can therefore assume that Pyrrhos actually wanted his Italian campaign to be understood as a “national struggle for liberation by the Greeks against the Romans. The conditions under which he ultimately accepted the request for help are not clear from the sources. In any case, he was given the prospect of armed forces and the position of strategos autocrator, which he accepted after his arrival in Taranto.

Pyrrho's decision to act against Rome was further supported by the rest of the Hellenistic rulers, as it enabled them to secure his prolonged absence from Greece. According to Justin, for his campaign he received ships for the passage to Italy ( naves ad exercitum in Italiam deportandum ) from Antigonus II , money ( pecunia ) from Antiochus, Macedonian soldiers ( Macedonum militum auxilia ) from Ptolemy Keraunos, and defensive troops from Ptolemy II in Epeiros to protect his dominions from possible encroachments ( ne abducta in Italiam iuventute praedam hostibus regnum relinqueret). First Pyrrhos sent Kineas and his troop commander Milon to Taranto, he himself followed with the majority of the army, but was surprised by a violent sea storm on the journey, so that he had to accept a few losses. The Romans seized the moment and went on the offensive before the Molossian king could recover from this blow and receive reinforcements from his allies. While one of the consuls was in command against the rebellious Etruscans, the other consul, P. Valerius Laevinus, was preparing to attack Pyrrhos. The king, for his part, tried to buy time by offering the Romans to act as arbiters in resolving the conflict between them and Taranto. At this point the cultural differences become clear for the first time: Rome,

The fight was very even for a long time. But when Pyrrhos finally, contrary to the usual Hellenistic warfare, used his elephants not as stormbreakers but from the rear lines, panic spread among the Romans, who had never seen such animals before. According to Zonaras, tower structures with armed soldiers were also mounted on the elephants, which caused additional damage. According to tradition, this would be the first known use of such constructions, the invention of which could go back to Pyrrhos. With the help of his elephants, the Molossian king eventually took the enemy camp despite the numerical inferiority of his troops, but heavy casualties were suffered on both sides. His victory also brought him new allies: the Lucanians, Samnites and Bruttier finally joined him and cities like Lokroi or Croton fell away from Rome. Assured of his superiority, Pyrrhus shortly thereafter moved towards the capital via Campania. The actual Tarentine-Roman conflict had long since developed into a " The war of Pyrrhus


  • 48 figures in 12 different poses